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شرح وظایف مدیر خرید و تدارکات
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مدیریت واردات و صادرات

مدیر بازرگانی شرح وظایف مدیر تامین مدیر خرید مدیر تدارکات سود آوری درآمد هزینه صرفه جویی قیمت تمام شده هزینه

آموزش مدیریت خرید و تدارکات خارجی

چرا نسل جوان و تحصیلکرده ما باید بی کار باشند؟ چرا شرایط نباید طوری مهیا باشد که به سادگی بتوان جذب بازار کار شد؟ آموزش و توانایی قشر تحصیلکرده باعث خواهد شد تا بدون دغدغه جذب بازار کار شوند؛ بنابراین تلاش ما بر آن است تا با ارائه خدماتی مانند آموزش در زمینه مدیریت خرید، سفارشات خارجی و نیز اطلاع رسانی در خصوص فرصتهای شغلی ضمن ارتقاء توانمندیهای نیروی بیکار  و تحصیلکرده جامعه باعث افزایش میزان اشتغال و کاهش بیکاری در جامعه شویم. برای شروع کافی است تا در وبلاگ ما ثبت نام نمایید؛ ضمن آنکه ما را در کانالهای تلگرام و اینستاگرام فالو نمائید؛ تا هر روز از پستهای کاملاً علمی و کاربردی ما مطلع شوبد.

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شرح وظایف مدیر خرید و تدارکات

Purchasing managers are responsible for buying the best quality equipment, goods and services for a company or organisation at the most competitive prices. They work in a wide range of sectors for many different organisations
مدیران تدارکات دارای مسئولیتی جهت خرید کالاها و تجهیزات و خدمات با کیفیت و با قیمت مناسب برای یک شرکت یا یک سازمان هستند
The purchasing manager oversees supply chain management and procurement, possibly on a worldwide scale
حیطه انجام وظیفه یک مدیر خرید خارجی که تحت یک مدیریت زنجیره تامین فعالیت میکنند میتواند جهانی باشد.
They need to be good at negotiating, networking and dealing with numbers, as well as dealing with other factors such as sustainability, risk management and ethical issues
توانایی آنها شامل این موارد میباشد: توانایی در مذاکرات - توانایی محاسباتی و کارکردن با اعداد- حمایت کننده - مدیریت ریسک - و پایبندی به اصول اخلاقی.
Purchasing and supply management is an important role for any business or organisation. More than two thirds of revenue can be spent on buying the company's products or services, meaning the purchasing manager can make a real difference in cost saving and profit.

مدیریت تامین و تدارکات یک پست و شغل مهم در یک شرکت یا سازمان میباشد بیش از دو سوم درآمد یک سازمان صرف خرید مواد اولیه یا خدمات میشود و این بدان معنی است که مدیر تدارکات میتواند تفاوت فاحشی بین صرفه جویی و سود بوجود آورد.


Responsibilities
The duties carried out by a purchasing manager depend largely on the business functions, size and location of the employing organization.
The level of responsibility held by the purchasing manager will also influence responsibilities. Tasks typically involve:
  • forecasting levels of demand for services and products to meet the business needs and keeping a constant check on stock levels;
  • conducting research to ascertain the best products and suppliers in terms of best value, delivery schedules and quality;
  • liaising between suppliers, manufacturers, relevant internal departments and customers;
  • identifying potential suppliers, visiting existing suppliers, and building and maintaining good relationships with them;
  • negotiating and agreeing contracts and monitoring their progress, checking the quality of service provided;
  • processing payments and invoices;
  • keeping contract files and using them as reference for the future;
  • forecasting price trends and their impact on future activities;
  • giving presentations about market analysis and possible growth;
  • developing an organisation's purchasing strategy;
  • producing reports and statistics using computer software;
  • evaluating bids and making recommendations based on commercial and technical factors;
  • ensuring suppliers are aware of business objectives;
  • attending meetings and trade conferences;
  • training and supervising the work of other members of staff.
Salary
  • Graduate entry-level salaries (possibly at purchasing assistant/junior buyer level with no prior purchasing experience) may start at around £18,000. This could progress to £20,000 to £25,000 if the graduate has some relevant experience.
  • Those who perform well can expect a fast promotion and salaries at a higher level or with further experience can range from £30,000 to £40,000.
  • Senior managers and purchasing directors can expect to earn between £50,000 and £100,000 especially in large organisations.
A salary survey by the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS) found that procurement and supply professionals are largely on higher salaries than those on a similar level working in marketing, IT, finance and HR. Those who are CIPS members also do better, earning £1,500 to £2,000 more than non-members.
Income figures are intended as a guide only.
Working hours
Working hours are fairly standard although there may be an expectation for purchasing managers to work longer hours when the need arises. If the company is international, it may occasionally be necessary to arrive at the office early or to stay late to make calls to countries in different time zones.
Part-time opportunities are unlikely because of the heavy workload and fast pace of business, although job-share opportunities may be possible.
What to expect
  • Purchasing managers in small companies may work on their own or with one or two other colleagues, while those in large organisations may lead a team of purchasing officers and administrators.
  • There are opportunities to become a self-employed consultant or freelance contract worker, particularly when you have some experience and a proven track record of success.
  • Jobs are available in most towns and cities, particularly if there is a strong manufacturing and retailing base. However, purchasing managers tend to be based at head offices, many of which are located in London or the South East. Since commercial buying is a global activity, there may be opportunities for working abroad.
  • As this is a high-profile role in the corporate sector, a smart business-like appearance is essential.
  • There is a high level of responsibility, which may bring considerable stress.
  • Some local and regional travel is expected. Long journeys may involve staying away from home for short periods.
  • The amount of overseas travel involved will depend on the company. The purpose will usually be to attend trade shows or set up business agreements with new contacts.
Qualifications
Entry requirements vary depending on the type and size of the employing organisation. Large retail stores and wholesale distribution centres tend to prefer applicants who have completed a degree with a business emphasis.
Some employers, particularly in manufacturing, engineering or construction firms, like candidates to have qualifications and knowledge relevant to the field.
So, although this area of work is open to all graduates, the following degree subjects may improve your chances:
  • business studies;
  • purchasing and logistics;
  • purchasing and supply;
  • marketing;
  • management;
  • retail management;
  • operations management;
  • engineering.
Most employers will expect their purchasing managers to be (or be working towards becoming) a full Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS)member (MCIPS). One way to do this is to take a CIPS accredited undergraduate or postgraduate degree.
Alternatively, you can take the CIPS Graduate Diploma (a level 6 qualification) to become a full member. Details of accredited degrees and CIPS qualifications are available on the CIPS website.
While most advertised positions are for graduates only, it is still possible to enter at a lower level and gain promotion with experience and by working through the CIPS qualifications, which range from level 2 (which has no entry requirements) to level 7.
There may also be a small number of openings for HND holders, particularly for those with specialist technical training.
Skills
You will need:
  • good oral and written communication skills;
  • analytical skills;
  • commercial awareness;
  • ability to adapt to different client needs and to develop and maintain successful working relationships;
  • a good standard of numeracy in order to analyse facts and figures;
  • a flair for negotiation and networking;
  • the ability to make important decisions and cope with the pressure of demanding targets and tight deadlines;
  • a confident and mature approach;
  • tact and diplomacy.
Work experience
Previous business experience, especially gained in buying and selling, would be advantageous.
Relevant work experience, work shadowing or a sandwich placement will enhance your chances of selection. Competition is keen but not as severe as for related areas such as marketing. Some organisations run summer vacation schemes.
Employers
Purchasing and procurement are increasingly recognised as an essential part to any business. Typical employers amongst others include:
  • manufacturing and service companies;
  • information and communication technology companies;
  • engineering and construction industries;
  • wholesalers;
  • local authorities;
  • public services industries;
  • retailing and mail order companies;
  • the armed forces;
  • the National Health Service (NHS).
E-procurement or managing multiple suppliers through the use of technology is growing in the public sector as well as in some industries such as information and communication technology and construction. This use of e-business to boost supply chain activities is likely to increase.
Look for job vacancies at:
Get more tips on how to find a job, create a successful CV and cover letter, andprepare for interviews.
Professional development
Graduates may begin as trainees, junior buyers or assistant buyers.
New employees are expected to learn the specifics of their employer's business and this is usually part of the induction or initial training programme. They will then progress to higher roles with further training and qualifications.
A number of qualifications which can be studied while working or via distance learning are offered by the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS).
They can provide a structured programme of training from the Level 2 Introductory Certificate in Purchasing and Supply through to the Level 7 Executive Diploma in Purchasing and Supply Management. Most companies will sponsor the individual to gain the relevant qualifications.
In addition to formal qualifications, there is a lot of on-the-job training which is of a practical nature. Many new purchasing officers learn by working closely with more experienced members of staff.
Continuing professional development (CPD) is important in purchasing and supply management, with employees expected to keep their knowledge and skills up to date.
CIPS offers a CPD service which helps to record and track learning. They also have a range of short training courses, often lasting one day, as well as workshops, seminars and various events which are each worth a certain amount of CPD hours.
Career prospects
Career development for purchasing managers varies depending on the company.
In larger companies, all the buying and procurement activities are carried out by a number of people working in teams, possibly at different locations and so you may progress by managing one of the teams or a group of teams across locations.
However, in a smaller company, one person may be responsible for all the work, so career progression may require a change of location.
Experienced project managers may also move to a department that manages a larger volume of goods, products or services. Job titles at a higher level include:
  • purchasing director;
  • senior buyer;
  • group procurement director.
It is possible to specialise in a specific area such as IT, facilities management or travel.
Gaining the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS) qualifications will enhance your promotion prospects, as does being geographically mobile. You may have to travel overseas to assess the suitability of goods or products, and there may also be opportunities to work abroad with large multinational organisations.
Self-employment for buyers with experience has become a recent possibility.
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